Julius Blüthner, born March 11th, 1824 in Falkenhain, Germany, receives a prominent place in history for his remarkable success with Blüthner Pianos.
Blüthner was an apprentice with Holling & Spangenberg of Zeitz, and studied under Alexander Bretschneider, at Leipzig until the 18th November 1853 when he started his own business. Handicapped by a lack of broader education, Blüthner had to create his own prominence, but due to the changing circumstances in this period, scientific and cultural education was no longer reserved for the rich and entrepreneurs like Blüthner were able to prosper. Blüthner wanted to add more to his art than simply creating pianos and in his quest to do so he carried out many experiments to try and improve the piano. In order to improve the volume and singing quality of the tone within the upper octaves, he revived Hans Ruckers' fourth string system, calling his device the "Aliquot System." Blüthner also invented his own grand action.
As well as a visionary in piano making, Blüthner knew how to use the media of his time to promote his pianos all over the world, so that by 1882 his production had risen to an annual output of 1200 grand pianos and 1800 upright pianos. In newspapers and articals printed at the time, Blüthner discusses new machines that were added to his production lines and talks with pride that production had moved to steam driven machinery. Blüthner also ensured people knew of his pianos by exhibiting his instruments at fairs and exhibitions and by taking part in international competitions determining the highest quality of instruments.
As his success became recognised around the world, the King of Saxony honored him with the appointment of Privy Counselor of Comerce which ment that Blüthner would be expected to provide pianos for the royal courts. He also received decorations from the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Blüthner believed that it was important to have a thorough knowledge of a product to ensure it's excellence and as a result he sent his sons, Bruno and Robert away to study the piano in other countries. Bluthners other son, Max stayed to work with his father in the Leipzig factory. Julius Blüthner passed away in Leizsig, at the age of 87 and his company is still run by his family to this day.